Women have been composers, songwriters, instrumental performers, singers, conductors, music scholars, music educators, music critics/music journalists and other musical professions. There are music movements, events and genres related to women, women's issues and feminism. In the 2010s, while women comprise a significant proportion of popular music and classical music singers, and a significant proportion of songwriters (many of them being singer-songwriters), there are few women record producers, rock critics and rock instrumentalists. Although there have been a huge number of women composers in classical music, from the Medieval period to the present day, women composers are significantly underrepresented in the commonly performed classical music repertoire, music history textbooks and music encyclopedias; for example, in the Concise Oxford History of Music, Clara Schumann is one of the only female composers who is mentioned.
Get rid of that midsection in a jiffy by chugging down the best detox water ever put in a jar. By relying steadfastly on this brew, a tight little waist is just around the corner. The cucumber core creates residual moisture levels that add to the overall hydration capacity. It also aids in healthy pigment and glowing skin. On top of these benefits, the basil intrinsically curbs human appetites. It also lowers struggles with fluid retention. Finally, strawberries speed up digestion and add seductive sweetness levels. Remember, this beverage should be consumed extremely icy. The cold water burns more calories!
There are vital enzymes and organic acids present in apple cider vinegar. These contents are responsible for the increment of the rate of metabolism. An increase in this rate subsequently triggers the process of burning your body fats. The rate further decreases water retention in the body; thereby making you feel refreshed and hydrated. Apple cider vinegar significantly lowers the levels of blood sugar.
This strawberry water is vivacious and flirty. Layers of bubbling pink shades collide as diced berries mingle with electrifying lemon slices. 48 hours of refrigeration will culminate in a luminescent neon glow. This sizzling selection promises to hit the spot every time. Revitalization is actualized by the citrus detox, and strawberries form an impenetrable barrier against internal toxins. In the end, this drink summons a manifestation of youthfulness, and it calms deep inner desires with a candy-like façade. Your sweet tooth will not know what hit it after you test this glorious spa water. It’s time to treat yourself!
Forget about the consequences of lemonade forever, and just enjoy the treat with this sugar-free version. With a perky infusion of strawberries and raspberries, hot summer days have never been better. If the ingredients sit in a chilled environment for two days, you will be greeted with pink lemonade that is out of this world. The lemons are always good for the stomach, but their healing properties have previously been counteracted by artificial sweeteners. Now, dieters can receive all the tasty benefits without enduring unnecessary bodily ramifications. Weight loss and enjoyment can co-exist, so feel free to drink up and have another!
If you could hunt and gather it, you can eat it. That means yes to meats, fruits and veggies, eggs, nuts, seeds, oils like olive and coconut, and seafood. But cereal grains, legumes, dairy, and potatoes are all big no-nos. While research isn't conclusive, small studies say go for it. One found that after three weeks, people dropped five pounds. Another found that after 10 days, blood pressure and cholesterol improved. So it can slim down your tush and healthy up your heart, but the restriction (sure, cake is out, but so are beans) can drive you cray-cray—not to mention make going out to eat more difficult. Still not sure? Check out these seven things no one is telling you about going Paleo.
In the 1970s, many female academics, including scientists, avoided having children. However, throughout the 1980s, institutions tried to equalize conditions for men and women in the workplace. Even so, the inequalities at home stumped women's opportunities to succeed as far as men. Professional women are still generally considered responsible for domestic labor and child care. As people would say, they have a "double burden" which does not allow them the time and energy to succeed in their careers. Furthermore, though there has been an increase in the endorsement of egalitarian gender roles in the home by both women and men, a recent research study showed that women focused on issues of morality, fairness, and well-being, while men focused on social conventions.[48] Until the early 20th century, U.S. women's colleges required their women faculty members to remain single, on the grounds that a woman could not carry on two full-time professions at once. According to Schiebinger, "Being a scientist and a wife and a mother is a burden in society that expects women more often than men to put family ahead of career." (pg. 93).[49]

There are many ways you can build a gut-busting salad, including loading on a ton of calorie-heavy toppings. A smart lunchtime salad includes a heaping pile of vegetables (lettuce, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers), a four- to five-ounce portion of lean protein, and a vinaigrette for some healthy fat. “One of the reasons I love lunch salads is that you can have a large amount of food, which will keep you full until dinner,” says Cederquist.
Female education includes areas of gender equality and access to education, and its connection to the alleviation of poverty. Also involved are the issues of single-sex education and religious education in that the division of education along gender lines as well as religious teachings on education have been traditionally dominant and are still highly relevant in contemporary discussions of educating females as a global consideration.
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According to the UK's Radio 3 editor, Edwina Wolstencroft, the classical music industry has long been open to having women in performance or entertainment roles, but women are much less likely to have positions of authority, such as being the leader of an orchestra.[100] In popular music, while there are many women singers recording songs, there are very few women behind the audio console acting as music producers, the individuals who direct and manage the recording process.[101]
While it’s good to be aware of portion sizes on nutrition labels, why not flip them to your benefit? For example, instead of a bowl of ice cream with a few blueberries, have a bowl of blueberries with a spoonful of ice cream. While one cup of ice cream has more than 250 calories and not much in the way of nutrition, one cup of blueberries contains only 80 calories and is a good source of fiber and vitamin C. Or, instead of a plate of pasta with some veggies, have a plate of veggies with some pasta. A mix of steamed or roasted cruciferous vegetables works great with a smaller amount of pasta. Not only does this ingredient swap cut the calories in the dish, the additional veggies provide nutrients like fiber, potassium and vitamin A.
To indulge in a supreme detoxification experience, this devilishly rich combination achieves liquid perfection. Despite their sweetness, strawberries are uniquely healthy, especially when it comes to promoting antioxidant intake. This spunky pink fruit has a ravishingly tasty bite, and it empties the body of errant toxins. Strawberry detox water is masterfully enhanced by limes citrus zing. This fruit purifies the intestines and fortifies the colon. Cucumber plays a role in managing efficient hydration, and the mint keeps all of the digestive organs calm.
Souping is the new juice cleanse, and for good reason: "Soup is a fabulous food. It's hydrating and fills up your stomach, so eating it before a meal can curb your appetite," says Taub-Dix. In fact, research shows that a soup appetizer can reduce the number of calories you eat at a meal by 20 percent. That said, there's no reason to consume only soup. (You're not going to eat only soup for the rest of your life, right?) Instead, make it an addition to your diet and you'll reap the benefits. This recipe may even help you live to 100.
Yet there is value in having a variety of diets to choose from, and in tailoring eating plans to help people with specific health concerns — such as diabetes or obesity — manage their conditions, says Andrea Giancoli, a California-based registered dietitian who, along with Katz, consulted on U.S. News & World Report‘s annual ranking of best diets this year. Comparing diets in this way may help steer people away from ineffective or unsustainable fads, Giancoli says.

This heavenly brew is sweeter than soda, but it is also much healthier. The pineapple is a dense source of digestive enzymes. They really know how to make a girls stomach happy. The fruit, which is related to most berries, also contains a diverse assortment of beneficial vitamins. Meanwhile, the watermelon keeps the water watery by diluting the gelatinousness of other ingredients. Muddled rosemary finalizes this rare potion. This herbal infusion is great for easing pains in the lower belly, and it also helps wake up drowsy individuals. This recipe is shockingly irresistible, and every cup is hard to put down.
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Drinking a daily cup of coffee or two alone isn’t going to magically make you drop a few sizes, but it might help a little. The caffeine in coffee increases your body’s energy use, even when you’re sitting on your butt, so you end up burning more calories after drinking it, the Mayo Clinic points out. The caffeine in coffee may also help you feel less hungry, lowering the odds you’ll overeat, the organization says.
Weekends often go off the rails because they lack the structure of the week. Approach Friday night through Sunday just like the weekend in terms of your structured meals. Once per week, go for a “treat” meal where you will have something that you absolutely love, like your favorite pasta at your favorite Italian restaurant, says Cederquist. It helps stave off feelings of deprivation.
While juice is definitely a better choice than a soda, since 100 percent juice should only contain naturally-occurring sugars and a little fiber, you still have to limit yourself to a one-cup serving per day, she says. To limit the blood sugar spike, chase it with a handful of protein-rich nuts. Also worth noting: You need to avoid any kind of juice cocktail that contains added sugar (or sweeteners) in the ingredients, she says.
Over the last three months I’ve lost 22 pounds simply by upping my exercise and reducing bad calories. I’m 68 years old, always in good shape, but added sedentary pounds as I aged. (6 feet tall, 212 pounds before — 190 pounds now) I’ve generally restricted my diet to about 1200 calories a day — 200 – 300 for breakfast, 200 for lunch, and about 700 or less for the rest of the day. I try to vary the foods, do as much exercise as I can (biking, swimming, walking, weights). I drink as much non-caloric liquid as I can and I try to find food that fills me up — vegetables, fruits, mostly. I eat some cheese and a good hamburger occasionally, although I avoid most meat. I still work full time. I realize the discipline necessary, but it’s not that hard to do. I rely on a good scale and moderate my diet each day to keep a constant weight. My blood pressure has dropped from 130/80 to 117/72 and heart rate is resting 58. I’m lucky that my chronic diseases are not yet serious (osteoarthritis and borderline cholesterol, although I dont take statins because of reactions). I’m not a diet fadder, but using common sense goes a long way. Eat smart and work out. MM
Apples are a great inclusion to any detoxification methodology. This is because they linger longer than most fruits, which makes people feel fuller than usual. The end result is an unnoticeably suppressed appetite. Likewise, cinnamon speeds the metabolism to new levels of efficiency by providing extra heat for burning more calories. With fiery spicy sensations and profoundly transformative antioxidants, girls around the globe are pledging allegiance to their newly cultivated physiques. With the best detox water, skinniness happens on its own. As you can see, weight loss is hardly even a real pursuit when the drinks taste this unbelievably good.
How it works: The IIFYM diet lets you eat anything you want and you’ll lose weight as long as you meet your prescribed daily set of macronutrients (carbs, proteins and fats). Calculate your personal macros by figuring out your total daily expenditure, then how many calories you should eat per day to lose weight. From there, you’ll divide the calories into the percentage of calories that should come from fat (20 percent), protein (40 percent) and carbohydrates (40 percent).

Whether your reason for going vegetarian is ethical, environmental, or for health, one thing's for sure: weight loss can be a nice bonus. In fact, in that same study that evaluated vegan, vegetarian, and omnivorous diets, vegetarian diets were almost as effective as vegan—helping people lose 6.3 percent of their body weight compared to 7.5 percent in the vegan group in a half year. Bonus: perfection isn't necessary. Even if you fall off the wagon and break your diet (hey, it happens!) another study found that dieting vegetarians still lost more weight than dieting meat eaters.
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You already know that a perfect diet doesn't exist, but many of us still can't resist the urge to kick ourselves when we indulge, eat too much, or get thrown off course from restrictive diets. The problem: This only makes it more difficult, stressful, and downright impossible to lose weight. So rather than beating yourself up for eating foods you think you shouldn't, let it go. Treating yourself to about 200 calories worth of deliciousness each day — something that feels indulgent to you — can help you stay on track for the long-haul, so allow yourself to eat, breathe, and indulge. Food should be joyful, not agonizing!

"When going out for fast food, I used to get the large-size value meal. Now, I satisfy a craving by ordering just one item: a small order of fries or a six-piece box of chicken nuggets. So far, I've shaved off 16 pounds in seven weeks, and I'm on track to being thinner than my high school self for my 10-year reunion later this year." —Miranda Jarrell, Birmingham, AL


Katz and Yale colleague Stephanie Meller published their findings in the current issue of the journal in a paper titled, "Can We Say What Diet Is Best for Health?" In it, they compare the major diets of the day: Low carb, low fat, low glycemic, Mediterranean, mixed/balanced (DASH), Paleolithic, vegan, and elements of other diets. Despite the pervasiveness of these diets in culture and media, Katz and Meller write, "There have been no rigorous, long-term studies comparing contenders for best diet laurels using methodology that precludes bias and confounding. For many reasons, such studies are unlikely." They conclude that no diet is clearly best, but there are common elements across eating patterns that are proven to be beneficial to health. "A diet of minimally processed foods close to nature, predominantly plants, is decisively associated with health promotion and disease prevention."

At any given time, there are dozens of weight-loss hypes in the marketplace that claim to take off 10 pounds in 10 days, or whatever. Desperation can tempt us to try anything — from "clean eating" to cutting out food groups entirely. Keep in mind: Just because an avocado-walnut-"crunchy"-kale-salad dripping in coconut oil is deemed "clean" by a so-called "expert" on your Instagram feed does not make it an unlimited food. Moral of the story? Avoid fads, eat real food, watch some Netflix, and unwind (perhaps with a glass of wine in hand). Now that's my kind of detox.


Women have been composers, songwriters, instrumental performers, singers, conductors, music scholars, music educators, music critics/music journalists and other musical professions. There are music movements, events and genres related to women, women's issues and feminism. In the 2010s, while women comprise a significant proportion of popular music and classical music singers, and a significant proportion of songwriters (many of them being singer-songwriters), there are few women record producers, rock critics and rock instrumentalists. Although there have been a huge number of women composers in classical music, from the Medieval period to the present day, women composers are significantly underrepresented in the commonly performed classical music repertoire, music history textbooks and music encyclopedias; for example, in the Concise Oxford History of Music, Clara Schumann is one of the only female composers who is mentioned.
Strength exercise is absolutely imperative for women over 40, says Dr. Peeke. It’s at this time when muscle mass begins to decrease. “If you’re not paying attention, you’ll drop muscle incredibly fast,” she says. Forget going to the gym. She recommends popping in a workout DVD (like Fit After 40) that focuses on bodyweight resistance training, like squats, lunges, pushups, and burpees.
This one is a proactive wonder! The watermelon core assists the fundamental roles of both the liver and kidneys. This allows them to dispel critical poisons like ammonia. In a similar fashion, the lemons and limes play a formidable role in encouraging healthy intestinal bile interactions. Cucumbers bring nourishment to a new level, and their nutrients are excellent for procuring an aesthetic frame and complexion. Guys will definitely start to notice when a lady switches to this quenching recipe. By providing energy to a woman’s inner core, this drink truly activates alchemy in action. Just one cup a day equals massive sex appeal.

For a richer approach to detoxifying, you cannot surpass the diverse qualities of this renowned recipe. While it relies on the industry standard of lemon and cucumber, this is clearly only just the start. Frozen cranberries are integrated to rebuild the kidneys and restore the urinary tract. A more complete detox experience is generated by the rich presence of cilantro and Italian parsley. Unless you are a diehard dieter, this drink may be hard to consume. Still, it is definitely worth the effort. If your mouth can stomach it, then your stomach definitely can too. Just anticipate the unrepentantly spicy sourness!
“The alkaline diet often has a focus on eating lots of fresh produce and unprocessed foods, which could be a good thing,” says Hultin. “However, keep in mind that this is not an evidence-based therapeutic diet.  When people take it too far — for instance, drinking baking soda — or become too restrictive or obsessive over food choices, it can definitely turn negative.”
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Specific forms of violence that affect women include female genital mutilation, sex trafficking, forced prostitution, forced marriage, rape, sexual harassment, honor killings, acid throwing, and dowry related violence. Governments can be complicit in violence against women, for instance through practices such as stoning (as punishment for adultery).
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White tea is dried naturally, often in sunlight, making it the least processed and richest source of antioxidants among teas (as much as three times as many polyphenols as green tea!). A study published in the journal Nutrition and Metabolism showed that white tea can simultaneously boost lipolysis (the breakdown of fat) and block adipogenesis (the formation of fat cells) due to high levels of ingredients thought to be active on human fat cells. If there’s such a thing as diet tea, this is it. And keep your waistline toned and tight—in record time—with these essential 29 Best-Ever Proteins for Rapid Weight Loss.

While it might sound counterintuitive to eat something before you head out to a restaurant or party, showing up famished to the event will likely make it all the harder to stick to your weight loss goals. Eating something small (about 100 calories) with fiber (two to four grams) is a great way to readjust your appetite so you can show up and mingle a bit before diving into the cheese dip. Choose a whole food to take the edge off, like an apple or handful of nuts. For example, 30 pistachios are just 100 calories and offer two grams of fiber, along with protein and healthy fats, to truly take the edge off your appetite while providing a satisfying pre-party crunch. Enjoy your mini snack with a tall glass of water before the festivities to reduce your chances of post-party weight gain.


A study from Saint Louis University found that folks who ate eggs for breakfast consumed 330 fewer calories throughout the day than those who had a bagel. "Eggs are one of the few foods that are a complete protein, meaning they contain all nine essential amino acids that your body can't make itself," says Joy Dubost, spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. "Once digested, those amino acids trigger the release of hormones in your gut that suppress appetite."
Many of today’s trending craft beers have as much as 200–250 calories per pint, and that’s just for one. Wine has around 120 calories per 5-ounce pour, if you can limit it to just a glass. Cocktails mixed with sodas, simple syrups and tonic waters add up quickly, too — and come in much smaller portions that “vanish” rapidly. Limiting alcoholic beverages is one of the first steps you can take for successful weight loss.

Eat More Produce. Eating lots of low-calorie, high-volume fruits and vegetables crowds out other foods that are higher in fat and calories. Move the meat off the center of your plate and pile on the vegetables. Or try starting lunch or dinner with a vegetable salad or bowl of broth-based soup, suggests Barbara Rolls, PhD, author of The Volumetrics Eating Plan. The U.S. government's 2005 Dietary Guidelines suggest that adults get 7-13 cups of produce daily. Ward says that's not really so difficult: "Stock your kitchen with plenty of fruits and vegetables and at every meal and snack, include a few servings," she says. "Your diet will be enriched with vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, fiber, and if you fill up on super-nutritious produce, you won't be reaching for the cookie jar."

Founded by coffee guru Ben Weiss in his Princeton basement, Bai5, a new line of all-natural fruity drinks with exotic flavors, is forecast to rack up $125 million in sales this year. We can see why: Their Bubbles line—with flavors like Guatemala Guava, Jamaica Blood Orange and Bolivia Black Cherry—are the definitive Drink This on this list of Not That!s. Sweetened with fruit juice, erythritol and stevia (not aspartame) and powered by 45 mg of caffeine, thanks to the tea and coffeefruit, they’re delicious enjoyed straight-up or as a mixer. Interestingly, rather that beat Bai5, one soda titan joined them: the Dr. Pepper Snapple Group, who once only distributed the product, bought a stake in the company this past April. Meet the Best Diet Soda in America! And to blast even more fat, don’t miss these 30 Skinny Secrets from the World’s Sexiest Women!
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All in all, the findings suggest that the search for optimized health and nutrition — with all of its calorie counting and macronutrient obsessing — may be making things more complicated than its needs to be. “For literal decades, we have been squandering years from lives and lives from years for failure to use what we truly do know,” Katz says. “It’s tragic that we’ve let it lie fallow all this time.”
Grapefruit symbolizes the zenith of detox principles. When ripe, the uniquely bitter citrus is rife with vitamin A. This is particularly helpful if detoxification is meant to address an overdose or addiction. Unwanted drug reactions can be stopped by introducing grapefruit to the body. It acts fast to reverse adverse chemical responses. Meanwhile, the cucumber increases waters ability to flush the system clean. Oranges finalize the dietary advantages by instilling high concentrations of vitamin C. Harmful chemical agents simply do not stand a chance against this tangy drink. The resulting good health is truly glamorous.

Some popular beliefs attached to weight loss have been shown to either have less effect on weight loss as commonly believed or are actively unhealthy. According to Harvard Health, the idea of metabolism being the "key to weight" is "part truth and part myth" as while metabolism does affect weight loss, external forces such as diet and exercise have an equal effect.[43] They also commented that the idea of changing one's rate of metabolism is under debate.[43] Diet plans in fitness magazines are also often believed to be effective, but may actually be harmful by limiting the daily intake of important calories and nutrients which can be detrimental depending on the person and are even capable of driving individuals away from weight loss.[44]
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When you’re trying to lose weight over 40, even healthy foods require portion control. “Think about your stomach as being the size of two of your fists put together. When there’s a lot more on your plate than that—you might be over-filling yourself with more than you actually need,” says Bonnie Taub-Dix, RDN, creator of BetterThanDieting.com and author of Read It Before You Eat It - Taking You from Label to Table. To painlessly reduce portions, shave just a spoon or two less than you normally eat, she says. “Often, we don’t even need the extra we eat at mealtime,” says Taub-Dix.
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A lot of anxiety can be directly traced to one’s diet, but all of these mental troubles can be alleviated by one cup of fancy pineapple detox water. There is a lot of natural sweetness, which creates tons of energy alongside the boosts instilled by basil. Vitamin C enters the game to keep everything functioning normally. It is also accompanied by plenty of digestive enzymes. The strawberries also provide a bunch of generous compounds including iron, folic acid and vitamins A, C, E and K. It is time to pour meditation into a cup, and watch the weight simply drift away over time.
Founded by coffee guru Ben Weiss in his Princeton basement, Bai5, a new line of all-natural fruity drinks with exotic flavors, is forecast to rack up $125 million in sales this year. We can see why: Their Bubbles line—with flavors like Guatemala Guava, Jamaica Blood Orange and Bolivia Black Cherry—are the definitive Drink This on this list of Not That!s. Sweetened with fruit juice, erythritol and stevia (not aspartame) and powered by 45 mg of caffeine, thanks to the tea and coffeefruit, they’re delicious enjoyed straight-up or as a mixer. Interestingly, rather that beat Bai5, one soda titan joined them: the Dr. Pepper Snapple Group, who once only distributed the product, bought a stake in the company this past April. Meet the Best Diet Soda in America! And to blast even more fat, don’t miss these 30 Skinny Secrets from the World’s Sexiest Women!

This strawberry water is vivacious and flirty. Layers of bubbling pink shades collide as diced berries mingle with electrifying lemon slices. 48 hours of refrigeration will culminate in a luminescent neon glow. This sizzling selection promises to hit the spot every time. Revitalization is actualized by the citrus detox, and strawberries form an impenetrable barrier against internal toxins. In the end, this drink summons a manifestation of youthfulness, and it calms deep inner desires with a candy-like façade. Your sweet tooth will not know what hit it after you test this glorious spa water. It’s time to treat yourself!


If you've been trying to eat healthy for a long time, you know how quickly you get sick of chicken breasts and broccoli. Break out of your diet rut with the Middle Eastern diet. It's based on the same principles as the Mediterranean diet but with more of an emphasis on plant-based foods and a different flavor profile. With all the tasty and healthy spices, you'll never get bored of making dinner and you'll get all the same heart-healthy benefits as its geographical cousin's diet.
Continuing weight loss may deteriorate into wasting, a vaguely defined condition called cachexia.[30] Cachexia differs from starvation in part because it involves a systemic inflammatory response.[30] It is associated with poorer outcomes.[25][30][31] In the advanced stages of progressive disease, metabolism can change so that they lose weight even when they are getting what is normally regarded as adequate nutrition and the body cannot compensate. This leads to a condition called anorexia cachexia syndrome (ACS) and additional nutrition or supplementation is unlikely to help.[27] Symptoms of weight loss from ACS include severe weight loss from muscle rather than body fat, loss of appetite and feeling full after eating small amounts, nausea, anemia, weakness and fatigue.[27]

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